The mosaics in the entrance vestibule
The oak portal door leads to the entrance area of the parliament building, where the reception and security service desks are located. A gentle stairway leads to the vestibule, a large passage divided by a set of doors and supported by six carved columns. The columns and walls are covered with marble from the Bela Krajina region. The walls bear two abstract mosaic compositions.
The one to the left, named Composition (or Sun City, according to the author), was designed by Jože Ciuha, while the other (Landscape) was designed by Ive Šubic. Both mosaics (272 x 833 cm in size) were made by the Italian artist, Alfio Tambosso, in 1960.
The mosaics are placed at a height between 1.55 and 2.70 m and made of the same material, i.e. mainly limestone from the Sava River crushed into tiny cubes.
Composition or Sun City, Jože Ciuha, by Alfio Tambosso, 1960.
Landscape, Ive Šubic, by Alfio Tambosso, 1960.
The landings and staircases between the second and third floors feature mosaics with figural motives dating 1958. The mosaic to the right depicting the Battle of Dražgoše was designed by Ivan Seljak-Čopič, while the one to the left (Ljubljana 1941–1945) was designed by Marij Pregelj.
Both are positioned 70 cm from the ground and measure 305 x 480 cm in size. They were made in the same manner by a master from the Tambosso brothers' workshop. The size of the cubes ranges between 0.5 and 1.2 sq. cm. The material used is local dark natural stone, with some pieces of glass.
The painter Marij Pregelj divided his expressive and spiritually diverse mosaic into three figural groups. At the centre, he placed a strong female figure holding a hammer in her right hand and a sickle in her left (symbolising the Communist Party). The woman is surrounded by those who decided to fight, although dark gallows rise into the sky in the background. The group on the right represents the citizens of Ljubljana, then living between barricades and a barbed wire, exposed to the violence of the enemy. Full of hope, they are all looking at a female figure. To the left, a female martyr – Ljubljana – is kneeling tied to the wall. Victims lie in front of her. In the background, the Partisan army tears down the occupier's checkpoint – Ljubljana is about to be liberated.
Ljubljana 1941–1945, Marij Pregel, by Alfio Tambosso, 1958.
The mosaic Biček's Rock, depicting the battle of Dražgoše in the winter of 1942, features a group of Partisans in a fierce battle with the Germans. Two fighters are severely wounded and staggering to their deaths. Below is the village razed down by the enemy. Seljak used a careful colour combination, resulting in a calm and monumental mosaic.
Biček's Rock, Ivan Seljak – Čopič, by Alfio Tambosso, 1958.
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Take a virtual tour of the National Assembly's building before the visit.