Slovenia is a state with a parliamentary system in which the most important role is played by the parliament as the legislative branch of power. The Slovenian parliament comprises the National Assembly and the National Council.
In a parliamentary system, the separation of legislative, executive and judicial powers is of key importance. The Parliament elects and supervises the executive branch (the Government) and its work. Parliamentarism is inseparably related to the rule of law and the principles of public debate in which the rule of law prevails over the power of authority. The functioning of the parliamentary system is founded on the freedom of political association, forming the basis for the activities of political parties. Their competitors make elections more competitive. Popular sovereignty is confirmed in general, multiparty and free elections.
Popular sovereignty: through elected representative
All power in the country derives from the people and belongs to the people. The holders of the power are people's representatives. In Slovenia, all citizens who have attained the age of 18 have the right to elect the representatives of the people. They may also exercise their right directly in referendums.
The National Assembly and the National Council
The National Assembly is the highest representative and legislative body. Ninety deputies of the National Assembly are elected by direct, secret ballot on the basis of universal and equal suffrage. The two representatives of the Italian and Hungarian national communities are each guaranteed a seat in the National Assembly. The term of office of a deputy of the National Assembly lasts four years.
According to the National Electoral Commission, a total of 1,709,692 people had the right to vote in the last elections to the National Assembly.
The next elections to the National Assembly are envisaged as being held in 2015.
The National Council is the representative body for social, economic, professional and local interests; it represents the functional interests of different interest organisations and the interests of the local communities. Forty members of the National Council are elected by indirect suffrage, in the relevant interest organisations or local communities by electoral bodies. The National Council comprises four representatives of employers, four representatives of employees, four representatives of farmers, crafts and trades, and independent professions, six representatives of non-commercial fields and twenty-two representatives of local interests. Members of the National Council are elected for a term of five years.