The foundation of multi-party democracy
The photography exhibit ‘The Moment's Turning Point’ by Tone Stojko (from the collection of the National Museum of Contemporary History), Srdjan Živulović and Joc Žnidaršič is displayed in the first-floor corridor of the building at Tomšičeva Street. The exhibition includes thirty-one black and white photographs documenting events that took place on Wednesday, 9 May 1990, the day when the first session of the newly elected multiparty Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia was held. The title of the exhibition ‘The Moment's Turning Point is taken from a formal address.
The joint session of all three chambers was led by the eldest deputy, Karel Franko, who was later joined by Ludvik Toplak. France Bučar was elected President of the Assembly (his opponent was Jožef Školč), and in his inaugural address he stressed that, "By constituting this Assembly, we may well say that the civil war, which has been breaking and paralysing us for almost half a century, is now over." Vane Gošnik and Vitodrag Pukl became vice-presidents of the Assembly. At the end of the session, the president and members of the Presidency of the Republic of Slovenia, Milan Kučan, Ciril Zlobec, Dušan Plut, Matjaž Kmecl and Ivan Oman, also took the oath-of-office. The address by the President of the Presidency, Milan Kučan, was interpreted in sign language.
In the first democratic elections in April 1990, delegates from the following political parties were elected to the Socio-Political Chamber of the tricameral Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia:
Slovenian Christian Democrats,
Slovenian Farmers' Alliance – People's Party,
Slovenian Democratic Alliance,
Greens of Slovenia,
Social Democratic Party of Slovenia, and
Slovenian Craftsmen's Party – Liberal Party,
Party of Democratic Renewal,
Socialist Youth Alliance of Slovenia, and
Socialist Party of Slovenia.
The Demos Coalition won 126 seats out of 240 in three chambers. The delegates from the Chamber of Communes elected the Christian Democrate, Ivo Bizjak, as their president, and Janez Lukač as vice-president. Independent candidate Jože Zupančič was elected president of the Chamber of Associated Labour, and Bogo Robina, member of the Slovenian Craftsmen and Entrepreneurs Party, was elected vice-president. The Socio-Political Chamber elected Ludvik Toplak from the Slovenian Farmers' Alliance as president, and Anton Peršal from the Slovenian Democratic Alliance as vice-president.
Brief biographies of photographers:
Tone Stojko (1947) from Ljubljana is a press and art photographer, a cameraman, master of photography and owner of the company Prodok. As a photographer, he was involved with the student journal Tribuna, and for nearly a quarter of a century he worked as a photographer for the weekly magazine Mladina. He was also a member of the ŠOLT photo group. For the last twenty years he has been devoted to the photo documentation of theatre performance. He is the author of short stories Zadnja molitev (Last Prayer, 1971), and the following books: Empty Rooms (1987), Izgubljeno telo J.K. (The Lost Body of J.K.,1987), Vojna v Sloveniji (War in Slovenia, 1991), Slovenska pomlad (The Slovenian Spring, 1992), Gledališka fotografija (Theatre Photography, 2002) He has exhibited at home and abroad (Paris 1985). He won the Golden Bird Award (1973) and the Prešeren Fund Award (1984).
Srdjan Živulović–Bobo (1959) from Studenčice pri Medvodah is a photographer, director and owner of Bobo Photo Agency. He worked as photo-journalist for Delo daily newspaper, as well as for the domestic and foreign media, various ministries, and he is a permanent member of Reuters Agency. He took photos during the official visits of Pope John Paul II, presidents Bill Clinton, Vladimir Putin and George Bush, the Queen of England, and events organised in association with Slovenia's Presidency of the EU Council. His photos have appeared in numerous publications. He was awarded the Yugoslav Photo of 1989 prize (for Women Struggling for Their Daily Bread).
Joco Žnidaršič (1938) from Ljubljana studied at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Ljubljana, but later took up photography and became a press and art photographer, an international master of art photography – EFIAP, a member of the Anton Ažbe Photo Club of Škofja Loka, a freelance photo-journalist and co-owner of Veduta AŽ publishing house. He has worked for the weeklies Študentska Tribuna, Tedenska Tribuna, the magazine Tovariš, and since 1974 until his retirement for the daily newspaper Delo. He has published numerous monographs, including Bohinj (1978, 1986), Josip Broz Tito (1980), Photo (1982), Planica (1985), Ljubljana (1987), War for Slovenia (1991), Slovenia's Treasures (1983, 1993, 2009), Slovenian Vineyards (1993, 2000), Slovenian Wines (1997), Leon Štukelj (1998), Path to My Father (1998), Meet Me at the Market (1999), Ten Years of the Slovenian State (2001), Golf in Slovenia (2001), Lipizzaner (2004), Slovenia, My Country (2004) and Eternal Bohinj (2006). He has won over sixty Slovenian and foreign awards, among which are the World Press Photo, Prešeren Fund Award, the Župančič Award, the Puhar Plaque for lifetime achievements, the Consortium Veritatis Award and the Golden Order of Merit of the Republic of Slovenia (2009).
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BOOKING A TOUR
Tours must be booked in advance.
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Calendar of events in the National Assembly.
Visitors must undergo a security check upon entering the building.
Photography is allowed during the visit, except when parliament is in session.
A meeting with the chosen deputy is to be arranged by groups themselves.
Information for persons with disabilities.
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Take a virtual tour of the National Assembly's building before the visit.